Skip to content

The Adoption Process in Georgia

Adoption is a legal process that involves transferring the legal rights and responsibilities of parenting from one person or entity to another. In Georgia, there are several types of adoption, including agency adoptions, independent adoptions, and stepparent adoptions. Regardless of the type of adoption, all adoptions in Georgia must be approved by the court.

Agency Adoptions

Agency adoptions occur when a child is placed with a prospective adoptive family by a licensed child placement agency. The agency will handle all aspects of the adoption process, including finding a suitable family, conducting background checks, and providing counseling and support to both the birth parents and adoptive parents. Once a child has been placed with a family, the agency will continue to monitor the placement to ensure that it is in the best interests of the child.

Independent Adoptions

Independent adoptions occur when a birth parent voluntarily places their child with a prospective adoptive family without the involvement of an agency. In Georgia, independent adoptions can only take place if the birth mother has given consent for the adoption and the prospective adoptive family has had the opportunity to meet the birth mother and make arrangements for the adoption.

Stepparent Adoptions

Stepparent adoptions occur when a stepparent wants to adopt their spouse’s child. In these cases, the biological parent must give their consent to the adoption and the other biological parent must have their parental rights terminated. In some cases, the other biological parent may be unwilling or unable to terminate their rights, in which case the stepparent adoption may not be possible.

The Adoption Process

  1. Initial Consultation: The first step in the adoption process is to schedule a consultation with an experienced adoption attorney. During this consultation, you will have the opportunity to discuss your specific situation and learn more about the adoption process in Georgia.

  2. Home Study: If you are pursuing an agency adoption, a home study will be required. A home study is an evaluation of your family that is conducted by a licensed social worker. The social worker will review your family background, financial information, and home environment to determine if you are suitable to adopt a child.

  3. Identifying a Child: Once your home study has been approved, you will be able to begin the process of identifying a child for adoption. If you are pursuing an agency adoption, the agency will assist you in finding a child who is a good match for your family. If you are pursuing an independent adoption, you may be able to identify a child through personal contacts or advertisements.

  4. Placement: Once a child has been identified, the next step is to finalize the placement. This can be a very emotional time for all parties involved, so it is important to have the support of a qualified adoption attorney during this process.

  5. Legal Proceedings: Once the placement has been finalized, the next step is to begin the legal proceedings to finalize the adoption. This may involve filing a petition for adoption with the court, providing notice to the birth parents, and appearing in court for a hearing.

  6. Finalization: If the court approves the adoption, the next step is to finalize the adoption. This will involve obtaining a final decree of adoption from the court. Once the adoption is finalized, the adoptive parents will have all the legal rights and responsibilities of a biological parent, and the adopted child will become a legal member of the adoptive family.


Adoption is a complex and emotional process that requires the support of experienced professionals. If you are considering adoption in Georgia, it is important to consult with an experienced adoption attorney to ensure that your rights and interests are protected. With the right support